Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Have you ever heard of Polycystic (Pol-ee-SISS-tik) Ovary Syndrome? It’s actually a common health problem that affects teenage girls and women. In fact, between 5 and 10% of women can have symptoms chomas. It’s important to be aware of it and understand it so that if you are ever affected by it you can get it treated as soon as possible.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome explained
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) affects your ovaries and hormone levels in your body. It can cause irregular periods, acne and more hair growth on your face and body than is considered normal. No one really knows what causes PCOS, but it often runs in the family
When you have PCOS it means that the hormones sent out from your brain and ovaries are not quite at the right level. Women usually produce oestrogen (the main female hormone) as well as a bit of testosterone (the main male hormone). If you have PCOS it means that your body is producing a little more testosterone than normal. The hormone levels can cause you to have irregular periods (periods that come every few months, too often or not at all) and also causes less ovulation. This means that an egg won’t be released from your ovaries every month.
Ovulation is when an egg is released into a fallopian tube waiting to be fertilised by a sperm. This process is also known as pregnancy chomas.
If the egg is not fertilised then the womb lining is released and you will start your period. During this cycle, inside your ovaries there is an egg found in the sac (or follicle). The sac will usually break open and the egg will be released. In PCOS, there may be fluid that builds up inside the sac, causing it to grow bigger and form a cyst. Women with PCOS may have many of these cysts. This is where the word Polycystic comes from. Poly means ‘many’ so ‘polycystic’ means ‘many cysts ,’. During PCOS, this may happen:
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
These are the most common symptoms of PCOS:
- Irregular periods – you may have light or irregular periods, or sometimes no periods at all.
- Acne that doesn’t go away – it may last beyond your teenage years.
- Excessive hair growth – this may mainly appear on the face or other parts of your body.
- Weight problems/obesity – weight gain or trouble losing weight
- Dark patches on your skin – this can be on the back of your neck and other areas.
- Hair thinning – some girls become bald on the top of the head (caused by higher than normal levels of testosterone).
- Pre diabetes or diabetes
- Difficulty falling pregnant
The best way to find out if you have Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is to visit a local clinic or doctor where further tests can be done to show whether you have it or not. This can include blood tests and a sonar
Is there treatment for PCOS?
At the moment, there is no cure for PCOS chomas, but there is treatment which includes:
- Focusing on weight loss (if you are overweight or obese). Just a small amount of weight loss can help balance your hormones and help you ovulate again and start up your period.
- Getting regular exercise and eating a balanced diet to help control your weight
- Not smoking because women who smoke have higher levels of testosterone.
- Certain medications that can help with your hormone levels
If you realise that you may have PCOS, it may be a good idea to go to the clinic. Do you have questions or comments chomas? Share in the comments below.
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