What is the menstrual cup?

Every woman and girl should manage their menstruation in a hygienic way with privacy, safety, and dignity. Did you know that menstrual cups are one of the most reliable, eco-friendly, and cost-effective option available? Here’s everything you need to know about the menstrual cup.

What is a menstrual cup?

A menstrual cup is a type of reusable feminine hygiene product. It’s a small, flexible funnel-shaped cup made of rubber or silicone that you insert into your vagina to collect period fluid.

Menstrual cup

How to put in your menstrual cup

If you can put in a tampon, you should find it easy to insert a menstrual cup. Just follow these steps to use a cup.

how to insert a menstrual cup

Once the cup is in your vagina, rotate it. It will spring open to create an airtight seal that stops leaks. You can also watch this helpful video that will help you master the technique.

You shouldn’t feel your menstrual cup if you’ve inserted the cup correctly. You should also be able to move, jump, sit, stand, and do other everyday activities without your cup falling out. If you’re having trouble putting in your cup, speak with your healthcare provider.

When to take the menstrual cup out

You can wear a menstrual cup for 6 to 12 hours, depending on your flow. This also means that it can be used for overnight protection. You should always remove your menstrual cup by the 12-hour mark. If it becomes full before then, you’ll have to empty it ahead of schedule to avoid leaks.

How to take it out

  • Before you take your menstrual cup out, remember to wash your hands thoroughly. Follow these steps below;
  • Place your index finger and thumb into your vagina. Pull the stem of the cup gently until you can reach the base.
  • Pinch the base to release the seal and pull down to remove the cup.
  • Once it’s out, empty the cup into the toilet and flush.
  • Wash your cup before you re-insert it.

how to remove a menstrual cup

Menstrual cup aftercare

Your cup should be emptied at least twice a day. Reusable menstrual cups should be washed properly or soaked in warm water once used.


  • They’re budget friendly. You pay a one-time price for a reusable menstrual cup (can be used up to 12 years), unlike tampons or pads which must always be bought on a monthly basis.
  • Menstrual cups are safer. Because menstrual cups collect rather than absorb blood, you’re not at risk of getting toxic shock syndrome (TSS).
  • They’re eco-friendly. Reusable menstrual cups can last a long time, which means you’re not contributing more waste to the environment.
  • You can wear a cup with an (birth control). The menstrual cup will not interfere with the IUD. If you’re concerned, check in with your healthcare provider about using a menstrual cup with your birth control option.


  • Cup removal can be messy. You may find yourself in a place that makes it difficult to remove your cup. That means you may not be able to avoid spills during the process. As you become more comfortable with insertion, this will not be an issue.
  • They can be tough to insert or remove at first. You may find that you’re not getting the right fold when you put in your menstrual cup. Or you may have a hard time pinching the base to pull the cup down and out (this will get easier with time).
  • It can be hard to find the right fit. Menstrual cups aren’t one-size-fits-all. That means you may have to try out a few brands before finding the perfect one for you and your vagina.
  • It may cause vaginal irritation. A menstrual cup can irritate your vagina if the cup isn’t cleaned and cared for properly. Any discomfort, allergies or irritation should be discussed with your healthcare provider as soon as possible.

What do you think about the menstrual cup Choma? Let me know in the comments below.

If you or a friend need advice or help, you can contact me here on Ask Choma, send a Facebook message or a Twitter DM, or a WhatsApp Message (071 172 3657).