HPV Awareness

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a common virus that can infect both males and females. It’s primarily transmitted through intimate skin-to-skin contact, most commonly through sexual activity. While many HPV infections get better on their own, certain strains can lead to serious health issues, including certain STI’s such as genital warts and various cancers.

Here are key points for HPV awareness:

1. Vaccination:

HPV vaccines are available to protect against the most common types of the virus that can lead to cancers and genital warts. Vaccination is typically recommended during adolescence, but it can also be administered in early adulthood.

2. Prevalence:

HPV is highly common, and most sexually active individuals will contract the virus at some point in their lives. Regular screenings and vaccination are essential for prevention of HPV.

3. Cancer Prevention:

HPV is a leading cause of cervical cancer. Regular Pap smears or HPV tests are critical for early detection and intervention. Other cancers, including throat and anal cancers, can also be associated with HPV.

4. Safe Sex Practices:

Practicing safe sex, including consistent and correct condom use, can reduce the risk of HPV transmission. However, since the virus can infect areas not covered by condoms, vaccination remains crucial.

5. Screening and Testing:

Regular screenings and tests, especially for individuals with a cervix, are essential for early detection of HPV-related issues. Consult with healthcare professionals for appropriate testing recommendations.

6. Transmission Awareness:

Understanding how HPV is transmitted is crucial for prevention. It can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, as well as through intimate skin-to-skin contact. Vaccination and regular screenings are key preventive measures.

7. Educational Initiatives:

Raising awareness about HPV, its transmission, and the importance of vaccination is essential. Educational initiatives in schools, communities, and healthcare settings can help break myths and promote informed decision-making.

8. Inclusivity in Vaccination:

HPV vaccination is not limited to females; males can also benefit from vaccination to prevent HPV-related cancers and warts. Inclusion of both genders in vaccination programs is important.

9. HPV and Pregnancy:

Pregnant individuals should discuss HPV vaccination and any necessary screenings with their healthcare providers. HPV can affect pregnancy and may harm the unborn baby but the risk is very low. Preventive measures are recommended because the mother may develop genital warts or abnormal cells in the cervix.

10. Regular Healthcare Check-ups:

Routine healthcare visits provide an opportunity to discuss HPV vaccination, screening, and any concerns with healthcare professionals.


Increasing awareness about HPV, its prevention, and the importance of vaccination is crucial for public health. Individuals are encouraged to speak with healthcare providers for personalized information and guidance based on their specific circumstances.

If you or a friend need advice or help, you can contact me here on Ask Choma, send me a Facebook Message, , an  Instagram message , a  Twitter DM, or a WhatsApp Message (071 172 3657).